dulcolax india best site get phenergan use zestoretic coupon online where can i get lozol aleve prices walmart tamoxifen vs raloxifene gyno proventil canada online no prescription trandate daily use reviews wellbutrin costco cheap purinethol flovent suppliers overseas buy generic forzest online all types retin-a 0,025 pills nitroglycerin er capsules lotrisone user reviews valsartan and hydrochlorothiazide tablets generic strattera safe side effects of trental in dogs buy pyridium online no prescription mestinon generic wikipedia drugs generic pills for atarax abilify tablets description buy requip paypal accepted celexa website pill identifier prescription probalan supplier in uk silagra tablets 40mg us online pharmacy no prescription serpina tadapox tablets for sale buy aciclovir herpes online can you buy cipro over the counter in canada generic pravachol switzerland can you buy cialis sublingual in ireland 20mg uk online drug lisinopril for purchase acai beeren online bestellen best price cialis jelly buy augmentin legal alli diet pills reviews uk best place to order cialis where can i purchase celebrex generic altace uk paypal genesis today acai juice reviews obagi tretinoin cream usp 0.1 - 20g/0.68oz where to buy alliance mounts without can you get high off snorting lexapro cephalexin medicine online buy suprax online reviews erexin-v uk buy floxin in croatia purchase bentyl canada ou acheter des livres pas cher hoodia generic name signs of prednisone withdrawal in dogs low cost seroflo coumadin dose adjustment calculator cheapest kamagra oral jelly tablets uk drug market order adalat levitra super active buy on line generic viagra soft celebrex where can i buy it buy metformin online india no prescription ginseng now reviews crestor 20mg tab order crestor online uk online fertomid india arava 20mg tablet pinamox caps 500 mg amoxicillin and alcohol effects of long term use of propecia ampicillin concentration in lb agar roacutan 20 mg onde comprar allegra medicine children buy prednisolone online for pet aricept uk patent lisinopril-hydrochlorothiazide generic how can i get viagra overnight proscar barato buy brand advair diskus hong kong typical zoloft dose for anxiety buy generic suprax cefixime zebeta max dose ro accutane dosage buy isoniazid cheap pharmacy online uk international delivery max dose of renagel tretinoin cream usp 0 1 best generic kamagra oral jelly sites purchase acivir pills pills baclofen online price glycomet medicine purchase accutane 15mg online can you buy fucidin indocin prescriptions levlen shortage to buy benicar in uk buy online colospa generic free coupon for ranitidine prednisone for cats no prescription methocarbamol dosage for opiate withdrawal ciplox online store buy cheap maxalt using pay pal albendazole online buy how to get dostinex in australia best site to buy minomycin side effects of menosan sage drops himcocid doctors online can you buy betnovate over the counter management of atypical antipsychotic drug-induced weight gain focus on metformin topical erythromycin acne weaning off prednisone side effects what does duphalac syrup do tetracycline capsules for fish buy ephedraxin in ireland to buy astelin nasal spray pharmacy side effects of terramycin for dogs generic mobic non prescription prinivil pharmacy cheapest place to buy luvox phenergan available over counter uk real online pharmacy canada generic crestor 20mg pastillas para abortar cytotec peru accutane 40 mg dose skin redness after accutane cara penggunaan pil perancang noriday lamisil online australia terbinafine simvastatin and diltiazem fda buy exelon overseas can you get high off neurontin gabapentin midamor price normal dose of zantac for infants motrin pm high generic aristocort uk paypal online pharmacy express delivery used brahmin handbags sale buspar medication cost generic cardizem prices ordering atorlip-5 on line where amantadine is metabolized buy generic cialis in australia side effects of trileptal for bipolar albendazole costs 1 us cup in grams atrovent sublingual dosage prednisolone 10mg tablets buy alli weight loss product combivent tablets for purchase trileptal direct pharmacy buy ciprofloxacin online uk best price astelin sample viagra canada mexican pharmacy no prescription hytrin can drink alcohol while medrol dose pack rhinocort forum online without consult best price silagra zerit for men in usa order wellbutrin from canada minocin suppliers overseas ranitidine pharmacies can order aceon online what is aristocort used for comprar bupropion en argentina oregon state treasury address atacand dosage too high keflex side effects in pregnant women nicosia cipro wikipedia buy generic cialis professional with bonus revatio mg india what is diakof tablets best place to buy cheap viagra mentax delivery uk is mobic better than voltaren order cardura canada does diamox make you gain weight can i make topamax mail order nolvadex what does alphagan eye drops do billig urispas online kaufen sale jelly cheapest kamagra prices buy serevent online reviews florinef no prescription fedex ups cost cialis private prescription cialis online pharmacy usa capoten usa sale florida lozol what does benicar do cleocin phosphate injection content validity in research what does apo minocycline do cialis sublingual online uk alli slimming tablets what are the side effects of singulair in children antabuse medication interactions zantac dosage rxlist cheap orlistat philippines risperdal drugs resources for tenormin how to buy evecare prescription drug micronase order risperdal 4 mg buy flonase in usa order venlor online with visa estrace discontinued pridyium on line cymbalta online pharmacy uk discount mycelex-g mg where purchase alli cheapest shuddha guggulu paypal pay by check shopping order prevacid from usa without prescription buy remeron in uk best generic chloramphenicol sites mevacor rx cialis viagra levitra which is best is rhinocort aqua safe during pregnancy buy plavix astrailia online generic furosemide can you buy norvasc cheap generic original finpecia online clomid serophene side effects fucidin generic uk gasex canada sale bactroban lawsuit cost of fosamax at walmart top 10 online doxycycline sites cheap 2.5 mg cialis insulin tolerance test (itt) buy brahmi greece generic valtrex online pharmacy lozol comprar acheter avapro mappa cipro in italiano maximum daily dose of valtrex what is actoplus met used for cleocin gel medication viagra ohne rezept holland buy amoxil bencard discount diamox dose altitude is prilosec available in the uk can provera help you get pregnant aciclovir 5 crema pret can dilantin capsules be crushed cheap wellbutrin xl 300mg tadalis sx lowest price what is the dose for prevacid pay with check viagra online indian generics online malegra dxt acai cvs pharmacy buy medrol without a subscription insulin pump cases is generic paxil the same as brand name viagra for sale online uk canada pharmacy reviews zyprexa 10 mg olanzapine does strattera come in generic form top 10 online aceon sites discount code for cialis jelly seroflo prices at costco brand name combivent online plavix online pay paypal carafate discount coupons snovitra super power looking for amoxil fast uk compare prices viagra soft can cardizem get you high leukeran prescription only lamictal dosage for children tetracycline fda approved to buy without prescription fluoxetine discounts codes buy prednisolone online in usa lamictal ordering no prescription how to take amoxicillin 875 mg uk version of lamisil side effects of atacand hct lariam lawsuit is viagra for premature ejaculation norvasc generic picture como comprar dostinex is it illegal to order generic dutas advair canada online no prescription finpecia italia buy american cialis guide to the canadian family medicine examination where purchase zyloprim lipothin online shipping buy wellbutrin sr 5 doxycycline without prescription usa rx can you buy silagra in ireland generic purchase prinivil online where is it safe to buy prescription drugs online can you only get augmentin on prescription diclofenac gel sold over counter orlistat diet forum buy prandin visa prednisolone from india buy diovan tablets where to buy snovitra super power un rey en la habana online megavideo levlen 100mg cheap what is lamictal xr used for fda approved rx flagyl drugs calan on line purchase cost of cytotec in india buy amaryl tablets canada how to order diamox online atrovent inhaler online pharmacy buy kamagra gold online at canada pharmacy comprar plavix 75 mg can i buy wellbutrin online flomax by mail where to buy cheap generic gasex best price for real olanzapine albuterol sulfate syrup for infants when will requip xl go generic avapro delivery uk allopurinol order online compazine lawsuit settlements kamagra dosering can you buy voltaren over the counter in nz purchase cleocin cheap prescription tamoxifen tablets for purchase medrol uk brand name flexeril side effects in women bupropion uk toradol sale liv 52 results forum can you get pregnant on celexa bupropion online in us entocort ec rxlist buy zestril 20 tenormin costco nice 1000 games play laundry day motilium 10 patient leaflet crestor pharmacy prices remeron discount no prescription acheter sildenafil 100 milligrams sildenafil citrate 100mg viagra’Ø generika eldepryl canada overnight delivery non prescription allegra pharmacy over counter chloromycetin what is lisinopril tablets used for side effects of cialis medication buy prinivil online us no prescription phenergan syrup boots spironolactone uk nhs get probalan las vegas plendil generic cheap costs atarax pill shortage glucophage online purchase best drugstore foundation primer for dry skin trimox online overnight buy erythromycin cream buy glucophage sr uk acticin paypal lozol online legally buy tretinoin cream .05 zofran billig kaufen is it safe to order orlistat atacand now co uk florida dostinex using inderal anxiety to buy celebrex in uk health canada decadron glycomet low dose birth control goodrx adderall can you buy oxytrol over the counter purchase chloramphenicol 250 mg nizoral para que se usa what does parietal peritoneum mean effexor xr shipping overseas buy claritine d generic aldactone paypal buy cymbalta online with no prescription buy ayurslim online overnight yaz and yasmin health canada minocin sa 100mg capsules what is the correct dosage of plendil ampicillin online order texas all types isoptin pills alesse reviews for acne valacyclovir side effects elderly cialis without a script is generic femara safe can you still get pregnant while on depo provera non prescription birth control online pharmacy imitrex what happens if i missed a dose of celexa order alli from canada purchase famvir cheap prescription serophene doctors online free or low cost risperdal elocon australia pharmacy 1st rx pharmacy statesville nc order cymbalta online canada where to buy clomid online in uk do you need rx epivir-hbv betnovate rd ointment 0.025 missed wellbutrin doses diakof no prescription canada lukol prices usa revia on line for sale no script hyzaar drug classification alli weight loss pills customer reviews sale biaxin minomycin for sale uk over counter ethionamide glycomet shortage viagra going off patent does cialis work compared viagra dapoxetine 60 mg tablets vpxl buy uk buy arimidex without prescription toprol xl 25 mg tb24 college of pharmacy online courses post cycle therapy alli amaryl on line for sale no script generic neurontin overnite shipping kamagra jelly fast delivery healthy blood pressure 50 year old male take viagra soft tabs what is sumycin made of discount code for aceon requip western australia cheap doxazosin india cialis jelly overnight pharmacy pilex shelf life how long do side effects of tinidazole last buy zyvox canada discount is it illegal to order generic inderal genuine danazol 100mg where to buy alli from counter serevent reviews tenormin daily use reviews university of puerto rico medical sciences campus school of pharmacy tricare express scripts prior authorization form fast dostinex delivery wellbutrin express canada caverta tablet sale ordering zebeta here in canada order allopurinol prescription gout energizer ultimate lithium india what is the dosage of mirapex for restless leg syndrome all types parlodel pills nitroglycerin iv dose for angina over the counter medicine atorlip-5 round blue pill 1008 discount code for elocon chloroquine mode of action unisom sleeping pills wiki buy pariet online from usa maxalt side effects uk carbozyne sale usa viagra cheap info nexium 40mg pre“ºo generico zenegra pharmacy prices list can i order diflucan online discount can buy lasix over counter antivert online store cam you buy viagra soft in ireland canadian buy benicar from canada aldactone bodybuilding women viagra usa buy online prescription cordarone online pharmacy discount over the counter medicine that acts as pariet generic emsam switzerland mechanism action bupropion smoking cessation buy betnovate online reviews avalide lowest price levothyroxine dosage half life zithromax buy online reviews on mobicool oxford kroger pharmacy hours motilium medication information long time side effects cystone combivent pas cher ordering low dose female cialis prevacid no prescription canada para que se usa prometrium vasotec overseas ic lisinopril hctz side effects phenergan delivery prescription overnight cheap imuran no prescription allegra d generic over counter accutane barato acheter yasmin pas cher generic uk paypal aleve valacyclovir 500 mg tablature can you buy ventolin over counter america lotrisone india prescription where can i buy ditropan tablets order ampicillin generic use amaryl coupon online cheap alli diet tablets desyrel 100 mg kullananlar propranolol best price long term side effects of seroflo indinavir doctors online lukol for sale australia canadian alliance of dance artists ontario posting cost of tamoxifen australia buy aristocort ointment order requip canada trazodone weight gain ordering antabuse uk naprosyn no prescription compare prices aricept and alcohol consumption does prednisone help costochondritis casodex prostate cancer order acivir pills 10 pharmacy precose sold over counter best skin care after accutane ciprobay 500 mg price lasix iv shortage buy lamictal xr online levitra professional online price value pharmaceuticals reviews lithium starting dose for depression cheap zetia 100 mg how to import live mail to outlook 2010 prednisona 20 mg para que sirve what all does zithromax treat glyset generic name university of florida alligator newspaper zetia prescription prices aciclovir online mexico actos from mexico xeloda product information australia diovan precio mexico biaxin medicine children viramune online ordering best price for evista cheap zyprexa antipsychotic olanzapine how to take yasmin 21 day pack citalopram maximum dose change can azithromycin 250 mg treat chlamydia where to get famvir what is in claritin tablets long term side effects of propranolol bactrim 480 mg dawkowanie buy hydrochlorothiazide online india levoxyl ingredients fillers real viagra online reviews health canada pariet lasix for purchase where to buy lantus solostar needles lasix uni pharmacy price increase carafate lithium battery overnight extendaquin canadian pharmacy propecia medicine side effects quibron-t for sale philippines can you actually buy viagra online kamagra sildenafil citrate india finpecia purchase doxycycline tablets online brand name colchicine online endep online bestellen buy saw palmetto online usa luvox sales albenza cheap uk 100 mg viagra jelly buy heartworm medicine online no prescription minocycline online in us study for pharmacy tech exam online all types medrol pills zyloprim prix en pharmacie en france bactrim where to purchase buy adalat medicine risperdal 3mg tablet flomax lawsuit settlements can buy voveran sr online walmart employee discount prescriptions carbozyne pill shortage prescription abilify arthritis symptoms in feet best way to get pain pills where can i buy sinemet recommended dosage azithromycin chlamydia what dosage does celebrex come in cheap adhd medication from canada gonorrhea injection treatment side effects can you buy lotrisone canadian needs when flovent weight gain children nizagara tablets benicar 40 mg xeloda spain over counter can you snort blue lotus pills cost of zanaflex seroquel buy uk risperdal 100 mg costco pharmacy propecia price erection packs 11 discount canadian levothroid media buy nolvadex tamoxifen generic malegra fxt switzerland yasmin birth control in the uk buy cheap nike air max 95 trainers online canadian pharmacy with prescription mycelex-g side effects uk order finasteride online buy adalat 300 mg pioglitazone and bladder cancer risk where to buy yasmin pill in uk can ginseng help you get pregnant what is entocort ec 3mg for purchase propranolol in uk best place to buy isoptin in canada where to buy levothyroxine discount keflex antibiotics purchase purchasing cytoxan online uk cialis 100 mg fiyatlar” online pharmacy without prescriptions uk astelin from usa pharmacy can you buy singulair no rx robaxin levitra plus no prescription canada how to take avalide canadian online pharmacy complaints order rosuvastatin in generic crestor nootropil brands india worst pills best pills cymbalta para que serve sertralina cloridrato what does propecia pill look like buy zoloft xr without prescription amantadina clorfenamina paracetamol rosel can you only get ephedraxin on prescription lowest priced finpecia pamelor reviews migraine post cycle therapy ciplox buy diclofenac pills online discover adventure london to paris exelon next day shipping adalat for purchase feldene next day shipping acheter snovitra super power pas cher fluconazole side effects depression generic name for atacand cefadroxil brand name acivir pills australia pharmacy hydromorphone side effects 2mg anafranil 100mg cheap goes you order periactin canadian what color are tetracycline pills safe buy venlor online comprar triamterene original en madrid buy quibron-t tablets online is diabecon legal in uk tegretol cheap price meloxicam overdose fatal generic ponstel safe buy isoptin pills online levlen 5mg tablets ventolin dose for babies buy astelin cheap generic birth control pills etodolac flovent diskus 100 mcg side effects generic proscar canada pharmacy ephedra diet pills china minomycin cheap price is zanaflex better than flexeril buy vasotec with visa nitrofurantoin dose bnf albuterol sulfate 0.083 2.5mg/3ml viagra coupons samples indian pharmacy flagyl er micronase with no rx best fibromyalgia pain meds serevent usa cvs prices generic vermox usa pharmacy where to get viagra professional pct chloramphenicol lawsuit canada diflucan cheap australia pharmacy read aspirin online free resources for chloroquine albendazole online no prescription buy generic albuterol inhaler without prescription average cost of topamax clozaril phone orders generic viagras england 100mg mastercard viagra super active no prrescription ceftin barato buy alli online overnight delivery med cab ethionamide legal buy v-gel online canada famvir 100mg cheep cialis and viagra mix chlamydia pills for men metoclopramide 5mg tablets side effects amantadine usa cvs prices buying wind brahmin where do i ceftin in uk astelin india discount allegra otc allegra d mail order drug brand cialis capsules viagra sublingual prices usa cheap citalopram 20mg online low-dose finasteride hair loss zenegra without rx where to buy metoclopramide mg promethazine hcl drug class meclizine brands in india tadapox no prescription canada where to buy arimidex for bodybuilders buying cialis online safe buy retin-a 0,05 uk metformin to buy benicar mg tablet exelon order online overnight levothroid adalat dosage how much does prevacid 30 mg cost long term side effects of nootropil buy generic anacin with bonus best fml forte prices what is the drug propecia used for voltaren rapid 25 over the counter can you buy acai berry pills walmart toradol where can i buy cheapest place to buy voveran sr methotrexate suppositories buy lamictal hong kong prescription buy cheap mail order pharmacy tech jobs arizona erexin-v lawsuit is serevent legal in uk order cialis soft overnight where to buy alliance mounts achievement cialis once a day does it work delivery overnight generic plendil clomid dosage and usage the canadian pharmacy winnipeg mb mail order generic antabuse buy premarin in ireland how to take ranitidine for babies adderall abuse on college campuses is lexapro generic for xanax buy alphagan patch actos delivery erowid proscar drug category where to store xalatan zyrtec class action lawsuit requip cheap cost of medicine for abortion in india remeron for sale uk buy hyzaar 5 prednisolone 40 mg daily trandate discount voucher does omnicef cause weight gain tadacip 20mg tab anacin tablets india can you get liv 52 cephalexin online no prescription zyban drugstore.com luvox no prescription fedex ups doxazosin tablet sale avodart hair review is generic keflex effective what is omnicef used for adalat latest episode 2012 order sinequan 120 mg order avalide cheap can you buy arava in ireland can you cialis sublingual in ireland online drug store uk buy healthcare alliance prescription relief 100 mg benadryl for sleep occurs when there is an extra sex chromosome in the 23rd pair cheapest place to buy rythmol indian pharmacy mentax lotensin delivery uk neurontin high feeling is levitra from india safe crestor side effects rxlist buy promethazine syrup online no prescription buy triamterene 80 mg online buy isoptin patch side effects of voltaren tablets motilium instant gebruik diovan medication order 20 order abilify 20mg half inderal prednisone for dogs uses what is the best propecia generic fluoxetine tablet sale kamagra gold prescription coupon paxil brands india ethionamide rxlist blood pressure medicine lisinopril hydrochlorothiazide generic strattera atomoxetine alesse drug oversea viagra off patent canada optimum rx fax form buy generic accutane uk avodart cost comparison broan nutone med cabinets propranolol hydrochloride anxiety buy tenormin 80 mg online best place to order flomax in us what does the pill nexium do buy colospa new zealand online doxycycline 100mg dosage for acne pharmacies altace kamagra gold india order allopurinol prescription viagra online canada mastercard amoxil online usa buyers of starlix canada viagra professional prescription coupon amoxil lowest price online cheap kamagra 40 mg home remedies for increasing breast milk citotec for sale online seroflo pharmacy prices list que es el cialis 20 mg best pharmacy to order citalopram como se usa levitra how long does it take for remeron to work pariet no rx what is baytril used for in guinea pigs indian generics online promethazine avodart coupons discounts buy generic carafate online no prescription comprar ranitidine en argentina proscar in the uk where can i get bupron sr pills canadian pharmacy 24 hour viagra flomax alternatives drugs is it illegal to order generic pilex proscar tablets hair walgreens generic claritin d cheapest desyrel in the uk buy voltaren inhaler canada benicar online coupon code renagel costco cefixime for oral suspension spc diflucan prescription australia cheapest place to buy rosuvastatin chinese herbal alternatives to viagra switching from lexapro to cymbalta allopurinol tablets ip tamoxifen purchase nolvadex online best place to buy viagra professional aristocort discount canadian medication error statistics protonix 40 mg daily accutane 40 mg pharmacy kamagra jelly usa recommended aspirin dosage for dogs clomid men testosterone carafate in canada what is the generic drug for micardis genetic disease in which the person gets an extra y sex chromosome brand levitra from india orlistat guidelines diclofenac generic 2013 drugs order chloromycetin tablets what are the best weight loss pills uk zyrtec made in usa midamor online store co-micardis medicine best online store for viagra kamagra compare periactin prices haridra in croatia buy alphagan sequel tramadol mastercard overnight cialis soft dosage recommended tretinoin 0,025 online bestellen cheap buy without generic actoplus met levaquin without prescription pills long term side effects of diltiazem where can i find 1 guy 1 jar video do i need a prescription for keflex zofran odt dosage best place to order emsam in us finax next day lasix drugstore is wellbutrin xl generic citalopram usa aldactone 25 mg efectos secundarios best place to buy saw palmetto buy brand viagra 100 prednisolone 5mg for dogs side effects asthma inhalers brands order renagel 800 mg what does furosemide do to potassium advair diskus over the couter trileptal 150 mg tablets expres cialis what does wellbutrin help with what types of plendil are there sales 2011 diovan hct actos western australia keftab online pay paypal diamox no prescription reviews best site get anacin canada and combivent no rx pharmacies order reaction calcium carbonate hcl lowest price clomid proscar generico online aristocort c cream neurontin without rx online bactroban ointment uses nasal what doses does vytorin come in buy noroxin online amazon generic lisinopril-hydrochlorothiazide what is the correct dosage for aleve flomist nasal spray side effects benadryl mail order indian generics online vpxl lasix senza ricetta medica voltaren tabletten 50mg novartis best place buy drugs online buy xenical zestril australia pharmacy terramycin ophthalmic ointment generic cheapest place buy accutane pet pharmacy online uk prilosec for sale uk discount generic lipitor 20 mg phexin rx lozol drug acticin uk view topic order cheap new pacific order alliance cybernations duetact pill shortage allopurinol alcohol intake purchase aciclovir 1 200mg tablets recommended dosage of cephalexin for dogs can you buy antidepressants in thailand keftab drug store online clozaril online ordering buy geriforte syrup pills online hoodia without rx kroger pharmacy coupon 2011 low cost trental levitra viagra better reviews on mevacor buy cheap antibiotics online no prescription order luvox from canada without prescription where can i get nitroglycerin ointment is phenergan available on line in canada anti anxiety medication for flying quiero comprar antabuse fast no rx meds cephalexin canada nootropil 40 mg pharmacy kamagra oral jelly pharmacy order generic name children;s benadryl generic vytorin buy brand plendil american amantadine prilosec medicine hair loss hydrochlorothiazide brand name philippines ginseng royal jelly oral liquid review best place to buy calan promethazine online ordering ebay alligator purse clonidine online usa no prescription how to get trazodone seroquel side effects long term use take allopurinol gout attack floxin canadian pharmacy viagra super active over counter uk wellbutrin sr 150 canada no rx generic bupron sr cost aricept discount medications order lamisil online canada rogaine foam receding hairline buspar buy uk buy ciproxin online buy blopress online from usa v-gel drug class online advair diskus india bupropion + canadian pharmacy pioglitazone dosage forms evista refill pack femara shop transdermal thyroid medication for cats colchicine purchase online discounts cheap prazosin how to get free birth control pills online exelon medicine online carafate online pay paypal safety keflex pregnancy lithium results forum best generic viagra plus review doxycycline prescriptions trimox pill shop discount code innopran xl over counter can you buy maxaman canadian healthcare network ca pharmacists furosemide mg no prescription hydrochlorothiazide prices usa walgreens specialty pharmacy drugs flagyl medicine australia buy methotrexate online no prescription where to acai berry viagra de l;himalaya france 2 generic combivent no prescription doxazosin new zealand buy trimox quick compazine from canadian pharmacy biaxin with prescription lopressor ordering online pharmacy kroger pharmacy jobs in ohio combivent generic name oftalmolosa cusi eritromicina prospecto zovirax cream canada pharmacy casodex online buy buspar pills in the mexico zanaflex non perscription countries how to use promethazine recreational bentyl online purchase can you buy viagra from canada buy cheap viagra thailand viagra 100 mg buy online ampicillin from usa pharmacy cymbalta paypal asthma medication fluticasone advair diskus do you need rx cefixime how to order baclofen is the canadian online pharmacy legit lipitor us companies only buy lariam in ireland can maxalt cause weight gain prazosin now co uk over the counter confido low cost overnight finast legal to buy nexium chloramphenicol reviews lynoral sold over counter where can i buy livrelief cream differin 0.1 cream generic buy real ephedra diet pills seroflo canada overnight delivery tegretol dosage forms valtrex delivery london brand cialis on line tadapox reviews and dosage pharmacy support staff training guide what doses does crestor come in we are festival essex line up buy online plendil generic cong dung cua thuoc medrol 16mg spc actos tablets what is carafate medicine used for cheap erectile dysfunction pills buy cheap allison boat midamor tablets from buy buy zocor without rx buy risperdal without prescription online in canada get lopressor toronto ethionamide medication side effects fucidin no prescription needed low cost overnight danazol purchase strattera in uk can benadryl make you dizzy the next day xalatan to buy from europe most reliable place to buy propranolol online stats group imitrex cheap can you get pregnant using alesse cialis sublingual online legally google flagyl medication ordering cialis super active tadalafil generic best place to order benadryl in us when does lipitor go over the counter fincar comprare european drugstore erfahrungen confido generic 2013 drugs buy medrol 100 phexin no prescription canada z pack no prescription online www.genericcialisusa.com buspirone buspar weight gain augmentin 457 dosage for children tadapox buy online how to use tricore pillow atarax buy online canada non prescription cozaar pharmacy renova paper towels cheap skelaxin prescription lidocaine how to order flovent floxin buy online ireland terramycin tablet sale propranolol daily use reviews digoxin to buy from europe unisom roche precio argentina generic ashwagandha online cheap delivery gb abilify on line for sale no script cystone order in the us cold weather payment postcode search how long does it take to feel promethazine with codeine micronase medication where to buy where to topamax brand name ralista online promethazine w codeine vc over the counter sertraline 100mg tablets generic elimite cream price combivent from canadian pharmacy discount medications from canada purchase ceftin on line in uk mail-order forzest ordering retin-a ge overnight pharmacy triamterene publix pharmacy keflex levitra plus no prescription reviews average cost of a bottle of aspirin no prescription viagra plus sale diclofenac sodium dosage for children fluoxetine price us trileptal billig kaufen where can i order ampicillin what does minocycline hcl do prednisolone cheap india pharmacy sexual side effects of lexapro in men side effects of prednisone in dogs constipation kamagra oral jelly medication side effects dulcolax dose adults buyers of didronel canada exelon online plavix to buy natural viagra substitutes over the counter alli printable coupons 2012 best site to buy finax sarafem cheap uk lexapro from celexa transition buy over the counter renagel online robaxin overnight delivery is there a generic crestor anti anxiety medication sertraline stromectol 100mg tablet onde comprar keppra no brasil side effects of fexofenadine hydrochloride tablets using albuterol inhaler during pregnancy kamagra oral jelly now aspirin usage statistics does synthroid come in generic form permethrin side effects long term codeine promethazine rx list what does allegra d do doctor can you take celexa daily list of the best weight loss pills glycomet coupon code ginette-35 side effects uk precose reviews purchasing albenza online uk xenical forum malaysia cardura 4 mg xl florida alligator hunt order aciclovir online without rx topamax buy without is diflucan available in the uk diamox drugs side effects symptoms zyvox overnight flonase overnight buy anastrozole india order dostinex online no prescription with a mastercard what is hoodia buy alesse uk where to buy tadalis with mastercard bentyl 20 mg tab venlor cost canadian micardis without rx fake viagra on craigslist tofranil generico seroquel reviews for ocd low cost order generic prednisone no prescription diclofenac gel what size bottle does xalatan come in prandin dosage too high phone in order for desyrel rumalaya forte sale zithromax where to buy in canada side effects of levitra tablets order biaxin 120 mg suppliers of evista in us what is prednisolone for children my cialis soft coupons pharmaceutical society of australia order sumycin tablets pharmacy buy drugs ampicillin betnovate scalp application treatment kamagra bestellen met visa what is skelaxin tablets der kleine nils nimmt viagra maxifort 50 mg efectos secundarios eli lilly v. teva evista medication lopressor side effects antibiotics for dogs online no prescription what is flovent hfa cheap actos prescription buy online haldol generic name naproxen nhs cost how to get rid of prednisone weight gain order forzest overnight salzarex plavix 75 mg india generic mevacor safe your rx direct accutane mexico companies only altace india brand name side effects buy geriforte syrup usa mexican pharmacies adderall legal to buy brand viagra tegretol side effects nhs buy aceon in uk overnight buy alesse online duracion de los efectos secundarios de la prednisona trileptal 600 mg tablet purchase topamax 200 mg abilify no prescription needed generic order zyprexa stromectol 3 mg posologie list the three types of intermolecular forces in order from strongest to weakest overnight prescription discount abana is generic calan effective generic capoten cost deltasone online price how long does lamisil take to work nimotop from canada purchase colospa online tegretol prices cvs buy combivent without perscription buy roaccutane 10mg online buy abilify 2 mg online getting cytoxan in australia indian triamterene generic evecare for sale on line much does accutane cost canada florinef no prrescription cheap diovan 160 viral reactive arthritis abilify medication autism fda generic tadacip us hong kong online order arava buy how to buy viagra super active in london buy fml forte pills online generic viagra suppliers pharmacy famciclovir price comparison buy benzac ac friv 1000 dress up games korean panax ginseng reviews how to make ampicillin 1000x can i order silagra no prescription in the usa tegretol 100 mg tablet ordering dramamine side effects of levothyroxine nhs studies mechanism of action of amantadine differin gel how long to use discount alli refill cheapest prandin in the uk nexium coupons 2011 strattera 10 mg atomoxetina genuine cabgolin minipress on line no script antibiotic amoxil side effects big blue pill no writing viagra soft generic reviews prilosec otc 28 tablets canadian viagra without prescriptions get plendil toronto buy danazol no prescription fast delivery sumycin without script duphalac tablets online cytoxan express canada saw palmetto berries sale champix side effects sore throat buy endep with no rx azithromycin chlamydia how long to cure buy nootropil online usa generic revia norvasc drugstore com blood purchase zyrtec online clomid prices cvs purchase serm pct buy cheap liv using pay pal donde puedo comprar renagel low cost living tips bayer levitra vardenafil bluebird sialia sialis fish tetracycline for dogs is erythromycin ointment over the counter sale nexium generic uk paypal anacin diclofenac dose bnf prednisone without prescription, canada purchasing mycelex-g online uk where do i levaquin in canada what is the dosage of a medrol dosepak clozaril canada buy seroquel online with visa pariet sold over counter indocin wanted online review bupropion 100 mg price cabergoline sex use online sale of actos viagra sublingual spain over counter actos canadian pharmacy stats 365 attendances donde comprar sumycin billig florinef online kaufen can you buy torsemide in ireland where to buy cheap generic pilex acai berry free trial using paypal doxazosin pharmacy what are the side effects of taking norvasc precio alli 120 capsulas espa“a best price reglan ceftin discount no prescription propecia spain buy roaccutane roche naprosyn generic cheap costs i pill amitriptyline website uses raloxifene osteoporosis breast cancer how much is prilosec tablets alcohol after taking azithromycin buy shallaki boots where can i get zebeta generic avandamet no prescription where to buy alli online uk fat buy cefadroxil usa bentyl online in us kamagra for sale online diovan no rx what is acai berry diet ortho tri cyclen over the counter ran-ramipril and alcohol is generic detrol available in usa birth control pills ortho tri cyclen lo diclofenac sodium 50mg tablets anatomy of a spam viagra purchase what is a high dose of actos alesse composition can you get high from snorting claritin d eurax for sale australia dapoxetine barato propecia side effects rxlist where to get valtrex free dog separation anxiety medication over the counter where can i get atarax pills meclizine hydrochloride in canada buy periactin hong kong prescription comprar hydrochlorothiazide american journal of medicine without script buy allopurinol online pharmacy stats 191 stanford hytrin generico online buy cheap carafate using pay pal celebrex prices cvs secure birth control pill abilify drugstore com discount speman canada overnight delivery max dose of asacol hd accutane journal 2008 famvir ordering no prescription certified pharmacy technician (cpht) online study guide caremark mail order pharmacy tech jobs online prescriptions canadian pharmacy can you buy mentax online is there a generic available for viagra where to viagra in nyc cardura worldwide pharmacy port louis low cost motrin apo paroxetine overdose cheap genuine acticin online propecia cheap india pharmacy valtrex online overnight order avandamet canada buy biaxin 10 what is pcod test prescription xenical orlistat eve mentat mac what is hytrin used for how to use strattera drugs similar to valtrex lithium uses medication clomid side effects clomid success stories best viagra generic review buy dramamine boots seroquel cheap mexico pharmacy buy levothroid patch best site get artane buy methotrexate mg generic pills for chloroquine metformin weight gain norvasc medication and grapefruit buy advair diskus online no prescription united states vermox on line for sale no script where to purchase duetact buy zestril 50 where to buy tadalafil online canadian elocon 40mg vasotec without prescription miami buy finax paypal cozaar dose size worldwide pharmacy revia thuñ‹?c coversyl plus arginine steroids side effects of prednisone canada online pharmacy codeine tadalafil tablets 20 mg dosage zestril for sale usa is there a generic singulair lamictal cost generic can i take zithromax and cough medicine buy anacin uk buy artane mg online buy cheap cipro online erythromycin side effects in children buy aristocort australia erection packs 1 from canadian pharmacy lexapro manufacturer discount card where can i buy generic viagra online hypertension medication triamterene prometrium capsules price what is olanzapine for cheap trial erection packs 1 femara looking for buy prevacid tablets usa buying lithium online health canada bactrim viagra online without prescription hydromorphone dosage erowid furosemide price india buy ayurslim pills online seroflo capsules skelaxin dosage 800 mg yasmin american wedding free download clomid side effects pct can order aricept canada como comprar singulair baby functioning of lok adalat in india cardizem drug in fr pharmacy colchicine generic online 20mg canadian buy amlodipine benazepril ortho tri cyclen lo reviews acne diovan generic 320 mg nizoral supplier in uk clomipene and provera dugs online purchase geriforte can i buy fluconazole tablets over the counter zofran generic brand what does generic toradol look like did generic aricept become available is yagara available over the counter discount dipyridamole boots chemist ireland perfume what does neurontin do toprol xl 25 mg for anxiety avalide australia price best generic wellbutrin sr sites comprar aspirin original en madrid what is zyrtec-d used to treat periostat long term side effects where to buy viagra cheap in uk clomid ovulation late long term side effects of tegretol xr prescription drug altace buy stromectol generic micardis 40 mg tabletten mirtazapine nhs 7) what is the function of parietal cells in the stomach clomid after dianabol cycle avalide billig kaufen buy zestoretic quick list of tesco stores selling endep fast lexapro delivery cheap serophene buy online lasix or generic how to use saw palmetto powder cephalexin reviews and dosage pariet kopen vpxl medication side effects vente de micronase au quebec ranitidine syrup cost gibt es in holland viagra ohne rezept metronidazole alcohol sick how to use ephedraxin what are the side effects of tinidazole lowest priced celexa non prescription viagra super active benicar hct reviews uroxatral side effects erectile dysfunction naproxen 250 mg wiki side effects of minoxidil foam can i make lamictal best place to buy lisinopril without prescription prescription buy nba live 10 xbox 360 new anti anxiety drugs sale cialis sublingual moduretic for discount diclofenac gel generic 2013 drugs what are the side effects of going off seroquel fastest fertomid uk delivery sertraline without prescriptions cheap valacyclovir online capoten online sales where can i buy alli diet pill buy cheap advair diskus generic online buy brand aceon 2 mg eritromicina 500 mg usos triamterene hctz 37.5 25 mg tab used testosterone cream menopause is mail order citalopram safe buy generic v-gel online uk pharmacies online that sell cialis where to get cyklokapron pct nitrofurantoin online coupon code zyvox dosage medication order metoclopramide no rx canadian pharmacy can i buy viagra over the counter in melbourne prescription drug asacol benicar 20 mg equivalent losartan levaquin dosage instructions acheter neurontin pas cher generic actos drugs pioglitazone is there a generic for aldactone how to order calan prescription lisinopril online generic tofranil tetracycline side effects acne doxycycline hyclate vs monohydrate cost malegra fxt how to buy alphagan generic 2013 drugs there not generic viagra ephedraxin drug class midamor classification zyprexa 10 mg cost compare prices citalopram skelaxin recreational dose penegra spain tamoxifen from mylan duphalac side effects uk is generic carafate available in usa chloromycetin coupons vardenafil hydrochloride trihydrate structure buying allegra d online best generic aspirin review bactroban online no prescription buy proventil online india are there anxiety pills for dogs is naprosyn legal in uk cheap isoptin uk what is the correct dosage of altace cafergot medication side effects tamoxifen generic names doxycycline pills for acne what are antibiotics side effects buy alphagan have no prescription where to buy fertomid drugs online viagra sin receta en farmacias chile minipress discount how to use brahmi oil buy trileptal hong kong prescription
Home arrow EcoJustice Dictionary
RD Glossary
Anthropocentrism

A way of thinking of the natural world as a resource to be exploited for human purposes; the fate of the environment as separate from the fate of humans; humans as rational while the environment is viewed as wield and in need of being brought under rational control—or replaced by an artificial environment created by scientific and technological experts; a key feature of Western thinking that can be traced back to the Book of Genesis.

Biodiversity

The natural world is multi-layered and interdependent—from the ecology of micro-organisms to the ecology of plants, animals, and humans; renewal of species is dependent upon the diversity of living systems; biodiversity as the basis of life and to undermine it is to undermine life itself; the opposite of an anthropocentric way of thinking.

Commons

The commons represent both the naturals systems (water, air, soil, forests, oceans, etc.) and the cultural patterns and traditions (intergenerational knowledge ranging from growing and preparing food, medicinal practices, arts, crafts, ceremonies, etc.) that are shared without cost by all members of the community; nature of the commons varies in terms of different cultures and bioregions; what has not been transformed into market relationships; the basis of mutual support systems and local democracy; in the modern world the commons may be managed and thus kept from becoming enclosed through private and corporate ownership by being managed by local and national government—municipal water systems and state and national parks are contemporary examples of the commons.

Conservatism

Conservatism as both a cultural and biological process is characteristic of the multiple languaging processes of a culture and, at the biological level, the way in which genes reproduce themselves over many generations—with only minor variation; places an emphasis on carrying forward the genuine achievements of the past (including gains made in achieving greater social justice); represents the conceptual and moral orientation of environmentalists and people working to sustain the commons as sites of resistance to economic and ideological globalization; relies upon critical reflection as one of the many approaches to conserving the non-monetized traditions of the community; based on fundamentally different assumptions than those taken for granted by liberal thinkers.

Critical Inquiry

A way of thinking that is essential to scientific inquiry, and to the renewal and, in some instance, the overturning of international knowledge and practices; when understood and practiced within the context of other cultural approaches to the renewal of knowledge and community critical inquiry can contribute to the quality of human life; when it is based on assumptions about the autonomous nature of the individual, that change is inherently progressive, and that it is the only valid approach to knowledge, critical inquiry can contribute to the form of subjectivity that is required by the industrial/consumer dependent culture

Culture

The practices, beliefs, traditions, moral norms that give the people a common sense of identity and way of understanding their relationship to the environment and to each other; cultures are as varied as the world’s language—and they disappearance as their language disappears; vary in terms of how the commons is understood and sustained (or degraded); they may be driven by an ideology (and religion) that causes them to become reactionary, a colonizing power, and environmentally destructive; The complex and varied traditions of a culture are reproduced with only minor variations in the languaging processes that are the basis of thought and communication—which are largely taken-for-granted even by social theorists who mistakenly represent the individual as autonomous and critically reflective, and thus as uninfluenced by their culture’s deep epistemological patterns of thinking.

Democracy

A process of decision making that involves all members of the community; it is expressed in culturally varied ways; in the West democracy is often associated with the assumption that decisions reflect the self-interest of the individual and that collectively the pursuit of self-interest contributes to the well-being of the larger society; in other cultures, democratic decision-making may be limited to decisions what helps to conserve the commons or about who has demonstrated the wisdom and degree of selflessness to make decisions for the entire community; democratic decision-making about which practices sustain the commons may be undermined by authoritarian powers—including universal prescriptions that are too often couched in the language of progress and emancipation from traditions.

EcoJustice

The aspects of ecojustice that should be the focus of educational reforms at both the university and public level are connected with the need to reduce the impact of the industrial/consumer dependent culture on everyday life while at the same time ensuring that people are not impoverished and limited in terms of equal opportunity; the five aspects of ecojustice that have special significance for educational reformers include the following (1) eliminating the causes of eco-racism, (2) ending the North’s exploitation and cultural colonization of the South (Third World cultures), (3) revitalizing the commons in order to achieve a healthier balance between market and non-market aspects of community life, (4) ensure that the prospects of future generations are not diminished by the hubris and ideology that drives the globalization of the West’s industrial culture, (5) reducing the threat to what Vandana Shiva refers to as “eath democracy” –that is, the right of natural systems to reproduce themselves rather than to have their existence contingent upon the demands of humans; ecojustice provides the larger moral and conceptual framework for understanding how to achieve the goals of social justice.

Ecological Crisis

The accelerating degradation occurring in natural systems that is undermining their ability to reproduce themselves at a sustainable level; caused in large part by human ignorance, greed, use of destructive technologies and economic practices, population pressures, and a lack of knowledge of how to live in a sustainable ways; the immediate and most visible aspects of the ecological crisis include global warming, the depletion of potable water, fisheries, and the loss of topsoil; widespread toxic contamination of the environment is contributing to the acceleration of the loss of species and to an increase number of human diseases.

Ecology

Ecology comes from the early Greek word oikas which meant managing the daily relationships and activities within the household; currently it refers to the interdependent nature of natural systems—and by extension, the symbolic systems and human activities we refer to as culture; it represents the parts as interdependent with the larger whole such as the interactions between cultural and natural systems; this interdependence of cultural and natural systems was expressed by Gregory Bateson when he wrote that “no system which shows mental characteristics (when differences are the source of information circulating through the entire system) can any part have unilaterial control over the whole” ( 1972, Steps to an Ecology of Mind, p. 316); the opposite of an anthropocentric way of thinking.

Education

Leads to many forms of learning, including understanding of relationships as well as the culture’s way of understanding the attributes of the participants in these relationships—which in turn involves learning the culture’s moral norms that govern these relationships; involves mentoring relationships and human/Nature relationships that are sustainable; it can reproduce the formulaic thinking handed down from the past by teachers and other sources within the community—included books and the media; it can occur through self discovery, reflection, and embodied experience; it can reproduce the cultures way of knowing and value system that privilege certain groups over others; much of it occurs at a taken-for-granted level of awareness.

Emancipation


A powerful idea in the West that is based on the assumption that all traditions are obstacles to progress and individual freedom; among its supporting assumptions are the ideas that change is inherently progressive in nature and that individuals, regardless of culture, should seek to emancipate themselves as well as others; it can be a “God-word” that obscures its potential to mask a colonizing intent; when framed in terms of specific abuses and injustices it can lead to important reforms; it becomes a source of colonization when it is represented as a universal good and when there is no consideration given to what need to be conserved and renewed.

Enclosure

The process of limiting access, use, and democratic decisions about what can be freely shared by members of the community; enclosure both of natural systems (water, forests, plants, animals, airwaves, etc.) and cultural practices and achievements (music, traditions relating to food, healing, entertainment, games, entertainment, craft knowledge, etc.) through the monetization and integration into industrial culture; privatization; expansion of markets; privatization of what were previously public services and maintenance of the commons is the latest expression of enclosure.

Environmental Crisis

The accelerating degradation occurring in natural systems that is undermining their ability to reproduce themselves at a sustainable level; caused in large part by human ignorance, greed, use of destructive technologies and economic practices, population pressures, and a lack of knowledge of how to live in a sustainable ways; the immediate and most visible aspects of the ecological crisis include global warming, the depletion of potable water, fisheries, and the loss of topsoil; widespread toxic contamination of the environment is contributing to the acceleration of the loss of species and to an increase number of human diseases.

Evolution


The Darwinian explanation of how the environment selects the better adapted species to pass on its genetic material to future generations; a theory that is now being extended (again) to explain which cultural patterns (memes) are better adapted and thus will survive while other cultures become extinct; an ideology when it involves extrapolations from the realm of biology to the realm of culture; current expressions of this form of scientism represent Western culture as the better adapted and Western scientists as able to predict that computers will replace humans in the process of evolution; cultural extrapolations are good examples of the ethnocentric thinking of Western scientists who stray into scientism.

Freedom

A powerful political metaphor that has contributed to constructive and destructive outcomes; for many educational theorists it represents the essence of being human and the goal of these theorists is to attain as much freedom as possible; often is stated as a goal even for cultures that do not share the Western cultural assumptions that underlie the Western idea of freedom; often represented as not having any limitations or responsibilities that go along with freedom; a central value of Western Enlightenment thinkers who did not understand the life-sustaining relationships between humans and natural systems—thus a powerful source of anthropocentric thinking; often used as a context-free metaphor that simplifies the network of relationships and forms of morel reciprocity that exist in everyday life, and which vary from culture to culture; freedom from hunger, environmentally induced illness, political and economic privations, and from being colonized by other cultures represent more accurately how freedom is understood within the context of educational reforms that are directed at addressing ecojustice issues.

Globalization

The effort to standardize consumer habits, values, and ways of thinking that contributes to the development of global markets, greater efficiencies and profits; politically, it is based on neo-liberal values and assumptions that justify this latest expression of Western colonization; undermines local economies, traditions of self-sufficiency, and the non-monetized aspects of local cultures; a source of poverty as it requires participating in a money economy even when automation makes work even more scarce; environmentally destructive and a n overwhelming force in the process of enclosure of the commons.

Individualism

As understood from a cultural and ecojustice perspective, individualism refers to the ways in which cultural patterns are given individualized expression—which may involve questioning and giving expression to new ways of thinking while at the same time carrying forward other taken-for-granted patterns; total autonomy would mean having a private language not shared by others; as a metaphor that relies upon the analogy of a person who exists entirely independent of natural systems—which is a total fantasy that reflects the dangers of some forms of abstract thinking; contributes to the current emphasis on the authority of subjective judgments and the indifference to the social and environmental relationships that sustain life; the individual who has developed more in accordance with the liberal vision of the autonomous individual (that is, has no skills or sense of moral reciprocity toward others) is more dependent upon consumerism to meet daily needs.

Intergenerational Knowledge

Its complexity and importance has largely been marginalized by the liberal emphasis on individual freedom and progress; it is the basis of sustainable commons and is the source of empowerment in terms of being able to carry out tasks as individual and as a member of a group; represents alternative knowledge to the industrial mode of production and is the basis of the mutual support systems in the community; it may take the form of building on past achievements in the arts, science, health care, food preparation, and so forth; it is also the basis of technological developments and economic ideas that now threaten cultural diversity, the viability of natural systems, and small scale economies of local communities; when treated in the abstract and judged as either entirely good or bad, understanding becomes a victim of ideology; needs to be continually evaluated in terms of concrete situations that take account of place, existing patterns of cultural self-sufficiency, and impact on natural systems; that is, it needs to be evaluated in terms of whether it contributes to ecojustice.

Liberalism

A metaphor that designates a political tradition of thinking that can be traced back to the ideas of John Locke, Adam Smith, and John Stuart Mill; a tradition of thinking that led to many advances over the constraints and inequities of feudal society; a tradition of thinking that still reproduces the silences and misunderstandings of its founding “fathers” such as ignoring human existence as part of a larger ecology of cultural and natural relationships and interdependencies,; the source of support of other Western myths that underlie the Janus nature of science and the Industrial Revolution that is now being globalized; currently the basis of emancipatory theories of educational reform that are being promoted on a global basis and of such organizations as the World Trade Organization; lacks the vocabulary for addressing ecojustice issues and for understanding the importance of the commons as sites of resistance to the spread of a monetized economy that increases wealth for the few while leaving billions of people in impoverished conditions; is often represented as responsible for achieving social justice in the areas of race, gender, labor, and the environment—which in reality represent efforts to create more just, equitable,and sustainable communities (which has been the goal of the philosophical conservatism of Edmund Burke and the environmental conservatism of Wendell Berry).

Linguistic Diversity

The nearly 6000 languages still spoken (many barely existing) today are now being threatened by economic, technological and ideological globalization; linguistic diversity contributes to biodiversity by encoding in the vocabulary and ways of thinking knowledge of local ecosystems—and thus how to live within their limits and possibilities; linguistic diversity is also the basis of the diversity of the world’s commons which are now being threatened by Western educational reforms that promote a constructivist and transformative approach to learning, and by the combination of liberal ideology and technological development that have as their goal the creation of a world monoculture.

Mentoring

This intergenerationally connected relationship occurs in the arts, athletics, healing practices, crafts, place-based living--and even in community and environmentally destructive practices and relationships where profits are put ahead of what contributes to the well-being of the community; within the context of educating for ecojustice and the revitalization of the commons, mentoring is essential to passing on the skills necessary for building and maintaining the material culture, for developing personal artistic talents that represent alternatives to industrially produced entertainment, and for developing skills and the formation of character traits necessary for giving personal expression while at the same time renewing the worthwhile achievements of the past; mentoring also enables the older generation to feel that they are making a contribution to the quality of life of the younger generation; it is essentially a caring and non-monetized relationship.

Progress

Another political metaphor that is based on a number of Western assumptions; used to legitimize new technologies and ideas without considering their unintended consequences—that is, it provides an excuse for not being cautious or considering what is being lost; assumes that change and modes of inquiry that foster change are inherently progressive in nature; one of the most powerful metaphors that supports the current liberal goal of economic and technological globalizaton; when used in the context of addressing ecojustice issues, it takes on an entirely different meaning—one that takes account of gains made in sustaining linguistic and biodiversity, in revitalizing the skills and patterns of moral reciprocity essential to more viable commons, and to strengthening the tradition of local democracy.

Revitalization of the Commons

As the commons are understood as the totality of the culture and natural systems that are freely available to all the members of the community, the process of revitalization involves both the strengthening of local decision making in ways that ensures the continuation of these practices as well as reclaiming aspects of the commons that previously had been enclosed. The latter may take the form of renewing traditional agricultural practices that do not rely upon genetically engineered seeds and industrial chemicals, restoring wetlands, promoting community-centered arts that provide an alternative to the mass entertainment industry, the recovery of traditional knowledge and practices connected with the use of medicinal plants, the strengthening of the ties between local producers and consumers, the development of barter and local currency systems, and so forth. The revitalization of the commons is understood here as taking different forms of cultural expression and would be dependent upon local knowledge of place and sustainable practices.

Root Metaphors

The languaging processes carry forward past ways of thinking that are based on assumptions unique to the culture; these deeply held and generally taken-for-granted assumptions, which are derived from the culture’s mythopoetic narratives and powerful evocative experiences, are encoded in the words that called root metaphors; the root metaphors of a culture provide the interpretative frameworks that survive over many generations and influence values, approaches to problem solving and activities in a wide range of daily life; the root metaphors, as meta-cognitive schemata, also influences the silences as well as what will be marginalized; the dominant root metaphors in the West that have contributed to an ecologically destructive culture include mechanism, a linear interpretation of progress, anthropocentrism, Cartesian individualism, patriarchy, and, now, evolution as a way of explaining which cultures wills survive; these root metaphors reproduce the pre-ecological ways of thinking, and are also basic to the continued expansion of the industrial culture.; the root metaphor that serves as an interpretive framework for addressing ecojustice issues is ecology—which highlights awareness of relationships and interdependencies with the commons; as a root metaphor, ecology locates the individual as a participant within the ecological systems that we are calling the commons, which is profoundly different from how an anthropocentric root metaphor (interpretative framework) leads to thinking of oneself as an observer, a person who appropriates the environment for personal gain, or as totally indifferent to the changes occurring in the environment.

<< Start < Prev 1 2 Next > End >>

RD Glossary by Run Digital